Kingdom: Environment

This section includes everything that is outside of the source code but is still critical to the security of the product that is being created. Because the issues covered by this kingdom are not directly related to source code, we separated it from the rest of the kingdoms.

WCF Misconfiguration: Weak Token

Abstract
Using a UsernameToken with a plain text password over an unencrypted channel exposes the password to attackers who can sniff the SOAP messages.
Explanation
Service Providers that use the UsernameToken might accept passwords sent in plain text. Sending plain text passwords over an unencrypted channel can expose the credential to attackers who can sniff the SOAP message.

The following WCF service provider configuration uses the UsernameToken:

...
<security mode="Message">
<message clientCredentialType="UserName" />
...
References
[1] Standards Mapping - Common Weakness Enumeration CWE ID 254
[2] Standards Mapping - DISA Control Correlation Identifier Version 2 CCI-000068, CCI-000197, CCI-002418, CCI-002420, CCI-002421, CCI-002422
[3] Standards Mapping - FIPS200 MP
[4] Standards Mapping - General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) Insufficient Data Protection
[5] Standards Mapping - NIST Special Publication 800-53 Revision 4 SC-8 Transmission Confidentiality and Integrity (P1)
[6] Standards Mapping - OWASP Top 10 2004 A8 Insecure Storage
[7] Standards Mapping - OWASP Top 10 2007 A8 Insecure Cryptographic Storage
[8] Standards Mapping - OWASP Top 10 2010 A7 Insecure Cryptographic Storage
[9] Standards Mapping - OWASP Top 10 2013 A5 Security Misconfiguration
[10] Standards Mapping - OWASP Top 10 2017 A6 Security Misconfiguration
[11] Standards Mapping - OWASP Mobile 2014 M3 Insufficient Transport Layer Protection
[12] Standards Mapping - Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard Version 1.1 Requirement 4.1, Requirement 6.5.8, Requirement 8.4
[13] Standards Mapping - Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard Version 1.2 Requirement 4.1, Requirement 6.3.1.3, Requirement 6.5.8, Requirement 8.4
[14] Standards Mapping - Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard Version 2.0 Requirement 4.1, Requirement 6.5.3, Requirement 8.4
[15] Standards Mapping - Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard Version 3.0 Requirement 4.1, Requirement 6.5.4, Requirement 8.2.1
[16] Standards Mapping - Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard Version 3.1 Requirement 4.1, Requirement 6.5.4, Requirement 8.2.1
[17] Standards Mapping - Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard Version 3.2 Requirement 4.1, Requirement 6.5.4, Requirement 8.2.1
[18] Standards Mapping - Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard Version 3.2.1 Requirement 4.1, Requirement 6.5.4, Requirement 8.2.1
[19] Standards Mapping - Payment Card Industry Software Security Framework 1.0 Control Objective 6.3 - Sensitive Data Protection, Control Objective 7 - Use of Cryptography
[20] Standards Mapping - SANS Top 25 2010 Porous Defenses - CWE ID 311
[21] Standards Mapping - SANS Top 25 2011 Porous Defenses - CWE ID 311
[22] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 3.1 APP3250.1 CAT I, APP3250.2 CAT I, APP3250.3 CAT II, APP3250.4 CAT II, APP3330 CAT I, APP3260.1 CAT II
[23] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 3.4 APP3250.1 CAT I, APP3250.2 CAT I, APP3250.3 CAT II, APP3250.4 CAT II, APP3330 CAT I, APP3260 CAT II
[24] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 3.5 APP3250.1 CAT I, APP3250.2 CAT I, APP3250.3 CAT II, APP3250.4 CAT II, APP3330 CAT I, APP3260 CAT II
[25] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 3.6 APP3250.1 CAT I, APP3250.2 CAT I, APP3250.3 CAT II, APP3250.4 CAT II, APP3330 CAT I, APP3260 CAT II
[26] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 3.7 APP3250.1 CAT I, APP3250.2 CAT I, APP3250.3 CAT II, APP3250.4 CAT II, APP3330 CAT I, APP3260 CAT II
[27] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 3.9 APP3250.1 CAT I, APP3250.2 CAT I, APP3250.3 CAT II, APP3250.4 CAT II, APP3330 CAT I, APP3260 CAT II
[28] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 3.10 APP3250.1 CAT I, APP3250.2 CAT I, APP3250.3 CAT II, APP3250.4 CAT II, APP3330 CAT I, APP3260 CAT II
[29] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 4.1 APSC-DV-000220 CAT II, APSC-DV-001750 CAT I, APSC-DV-002440 CAT I, APSC-DV-002450 CAT II, APSC-DV-002460 CAT II, APSC-DV-002470 CAT II
[30] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 4.2 APSC-DV-000220 CAT II, APSC-DV-001750 CAT I, APSC-DV-002440 CAT I, APSC-DV-002450 CAT II, APSC-DV-002460 CAT II, APSC-DV-002470 CAT II
[31] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 4.3 APSC-DV-000220 CAT II, APSC-DV-001750 CAT I, APSC-DV-002440 CAT I, APSC-DV-002450 CAT II, APSC-DV-002460 CAT II, APSC-DV-002470 CAT II
[32] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 4.4 APSC-DV-000220 CAT II, APSC-DV-001750 CAT I, APSC-DV-002440 CAT I, APSC-DV-002450 CAT II, APSC-DV-002460 CAT II, APSC-DV-002470 CAT II
[33] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 4.5 APSC-DV-000220 CAT II, APSC-DV-001750 CAT I, APSC-DV-002440 CAT I, APSC-DV-002450 CAT II, APSC-DV-002460 CAT II, APSC-DV-002470 CAT II
[34] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 4.6 APSC-DV-000220 CAT II, APSC-DV-001750 CAT I, APSC-DV-002440 CAT I, APSC-DV-002450 CAT II, APSC-DV-002460 CAT II, APSC-DV-002470 CAT II
[35] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 4.7 APSC-DV-000220 CAT II, APSC-DV-001750 CAT I, APSC-DV-002440 CAT I, APSC-DV-002450 CAT II, APSC-DV-002460 CAT II, APSC-DV-002470 CAT II
[36] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 4.8 APSC-DV-000220 CAT II, APSC-DV-001750 CAT I, APSC-DV-002440 CAT I, APSC-DV-002450 CAT II, APSC-DV-002460 CAT II, APSC-DV-002470 CAT II
[37] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 4.9 APSC-DV-000220 CAT II, APSC-DV-001750 CAT I, APSC-DV-002440 CAT I, APSC-DV-002450 CAT II, APSC-DV-002460 CAT II, APSC-DV-002470 CAT II
[38] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 4.10 APSC-DV-000220 CAT II, APSC-DV-001750 CAT I, APSC-DV-002440 CAT I, APSC-DV-002450 CAT II, APSC-DV-002460 CAT II, APSC-DV-002470 CAT II
[39] Standards Mapping - Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 4.11 APSC-DV-000220 CAT II, APSC-DV-001750 CAT I, APSC-DV-002440 CAT I, APSC-DV-002450 CAT II, APSC-DV-002460 CAT II, APSC-DV-002470 CAT II
[40] Standards Mapping - Web Application Security Consortium 24 + 2 Insufficient Authentication
[41] Standards Mapping - Web Application Security Consortium Version 2.00 Insufficient Authentication (WASC-01)
desc.config.dotnet.wcf_misconfiguration_weak_token